"Aerodynamic phenomena and interactions including their control"
The National Wind Tunnel and Testing
Facilities Centre at the University of
Glasgow is investigating complicated
flow problems and interactions related
to flight, load and noise control,
unsteady aerodynamics, bio-inspired
flows, interdisciplinary shock wave
phenomena, turbulence, instabilities and
multi-phase flows, and the development
and application of advanced flow
diagnostics and CFD solvers. The main
focus of the presentation will be on
recent developments in flow diagnostics
associated with high speed flows.
Examples will include: flow control,
transition, intakes etc. An overview of
the Aerospace Sciences Division research
activities will be provided. The
importance of external engagement and
internationalization in generating
impact in fluid dynamics research, and
synergy between the different
disciplines in the advancement of
aerospace sciences will be also
About Prof. Konstantinos Kontis (KK): a world-leading authority in
aerodynamics, wind tunnel testing, flow
& flight control devices and aerospace
vehicle design. He is the Mechan Chair
of Engineering, Professor of Aerospace
Engineering, and the Head of the
Aerospace Sciences Division at the
University of Glasgow. He has published
105 journal articles, 1 book (Springer),
6 book chapters, and 163 conference
papers, ranging from fundamental
scientific research to practical
engineering applications. He has given
53 invited presentations and keynote
lectures to peer-reviewed conferences
and international Advanced Schools
worldwide. He has on-going overseas
scientific exchange activities with a
number of universities and research
organisations. He is a Fellow of the
Royal Aeronautical Society and the
Institution of Mechanical Engineers,
London, UK. In 2016, he was elected
Fellow of the American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
AIAA Fellows are "persons of distinction
in aeronautics or astronautics, who have
made notable and valuable contributions
to the arts, sciences, or technology
thereof. He is member of the AIAA Board
of Trustees, EASN Board of Directors,
ADMS-Industry Leadership Group, and he
is chairing the supply chain working
group of ADS-Scotland.
Professor of University of Glasgow, UK
"Sustainable (Green) Aviation: Challanges and Opportunities"
Among all modes of transportation, travel by airplanes continues to experience the fastest growth. Currently, there are approximately 500,000 air vehicles (335,000 Active General Aviation Aircraft, 18,000 Passenger Aircraft, 90,000 Military Aircraft, 27,000 Civil Helicopters, and 30,000 Military Helicopters). They are responsible for 9% of fuel consumption and 2% of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide. These numbers are forecasted to double by 2050. Therefore the environmental issues such as noise, emissions and fuel burn for airplanes have become important for energy and environmental sustainability. This lecture will provide an overview of specific energy and environmental issues related to air transportation. Topics dealing with noise and emissions mitigation by technological solutions including new aircraft and engine designs/technologies, alternative fuels, and materials as well as examination of aircraft operations logistics including Air-Traffic Management (ATM), Air-to-Air Refueling (AAR), Close Formation Flying (CFF), and tailored arrivals to minimize fuel burn will be presented. The ground infrastructure for sustainable aviation, including the concept of ‘Sustainable Green Airport Design’ will also be covered.
Professor Ramesh K. Agarwal is the William Palm Professor of Engineering in the department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Washington University in St. Louis. From 1994 to 2001, he was the Sam Bloomfield Distinguished Professor and Executive Director of the National Institute for Aviation Research at Wichita State University in Kansas. From 1978 to 1994, he was the Program Director and McDonnell Douglas Fellow at McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories in St. Louis. Dr. Agarwal received Ph.D in Aeronautical Sciences from Stanford University in 1975, M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1969 and B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India in 1968. Over a period of forty years, Professor Agarwal has worked in various areas of Computational Science and Engineering - Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computational Materials Science and Manufacturing, Computational Electromagnetics (CEM), Neuro-Computing, Control Theory and Systems, and Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization. He is the author and coauthor of over 500 journal and refereed conference publications. He has given many plenary, keynote and invited lectures at various national and international conferences worldwide in over fifty countries. Professor Agarwal continues to serve on many academic, government, and industrial advisory committees. Dr. Agarwal is a Fellow eighteen societies including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), American Physical Society (APS), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Royal Aeronautical Society, Chinese Society of Aeronautics and Astronautics (CSAA), Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) and American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received many prestigious honors and national/international awards from various professional societies and organizations for his research contributions.
Professor of Washington University in St. Louis, USA
"Experimental Investigation of Operational Conditions Effects on Axial Fatigue Behaviour of Carbon/Epoxy Plain Weave Laminates Containing Artificial Flaw"
Aeronautical composite structures having manufactured flaws usually operate in harsh conditions. This work aimed at characterizing the behavior of quasi-isotropic plain weave carbon/epoxy laminates containing artificial flaw under axial fatigue loading at various conditions such as hygrothermal, frequency and stress ratio. Dry and wet coupons were tested under load-controlled fluctuated cyclic loading with two stress ratios of R = 0.1 and R = -0.1 and two load frequencies of 7 Hz and 15Hz at room temperature and 82oC under different stress levels. Delamination threshold onset were determined based on the allowable stiffness change as failure criterion that was verified using ultrasonic imaging (C-Scan) technique, at each testing condition. At first, under tensile cyclic loading at 7Hz the experimental results showed that individually, moisture reduced the fatigue life of the studied material more than temperature did whereas their combination was much more damaging. On the frequency effect, the experimental results at 15Hz suggested that, in general, fatigue life increased with load frequency for most environmental conditions, except for two conditions: (1) room temperature and dry at high stress level, (2) 82°C and wet at low stress level. Finally, partially reversed tension-compression cyclic loading tests showed that this loading mode was more damaging than the tension-tension one due to the complex interaction and evolution of the compressive and tensile types of damage.
About Prof. Anh Dung NGO: B.Sc. A in
Mechanical Engineering (É.
Polytechnique, Canada), M.Sc. in Wood
technology (U. Laval, Canada), Ph.D. in
Mechanical Engineering (Concordia U.,
Canada). Professor NGO spent 18 years in
industry as engineer and in governmental
agency first as engineer and later as
chief officer of the Occupation Safety
Division at the Prevention Branch of the
Quebec Occupational Health and Safety
Commission before joining the university
in 1991. He was the Chairman of the
Mechanical Engineering Department from
1999 to 2004. He is the founder of two
research groups, one in Occupational
Safety and one in Composite Materials.
He is also the editor of the Proceeding
of the EIGHTH JOINT CANADA-JAPAN
WORKSHOP ON COMPOSITES and author of
sixty scientific papers and technical
reports on Composites Materials and
Professor of Ecole de technologie superieure
(U. du Quebec), Canada
"Is the Sky above us safe and how has this been influenced by the past and present policies?"
There have been many instances of aircraft collisions in the sky and these have been for a variety of reasons and causes. Technology has been used to address these concerns, yet these have not all been successful for other reasons. This presentation reviews the historical and technical reasons what and why has happened to produce this current situation and how the safety may not be as high as assumed. It also introduces the concerns that Unmanned Ariel Vehicles add and how these are being reviewed to minimize. Furthermore, the risk analysis of these implications due to Security and Cyber security.
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering ; M.Sc. in Manufacturing MA in Education Management ; Pg.D. in Education Training; B.A. (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering; B.A. in Production Engineering Member of the Institute of Electrical Engineers. Dr McAndrew spent 12 years in industry as a designer before entering academia. He has over 20 years of teaching experience in the UK, Europe, Middle East and Far East. He has supervised many PhD students and published extensively for over 20 years. He is the author of a book and Editor of a new Journal being produced with a focus on Aviation. Currently he is the Department Chair of Graduate Studies in the College of Aeronautics Worldwide at Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. His research interests are in Aerodynamics and Effective Education, which he has published extensively. He has presented at many Conferences and believes these are critical research meetings for those that are new to research and the experienced to mentor the next generation.
Professor of Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, UK
"Effective thermal properties of heterogeneous materials from far field contactless temperatures measurements"
Classical methods for determination of thermal properties of materials could be revealed inappropriate when used for macroscopic heterogeneous materials. This is because these parameters are typically obtained using measures on small volumes which could be smaller then VER of a heterogeneous material. To overcome this drawback a method, using far field temperature measurements induced by a laser spot on a heterogeneous material, is developed. Theoretical considerations and inverse approach used are explained in details before a validation of the method and its use in various heterogeneous materials as case studies.
About Prof. Dashnor Hoxha: After
obtained an engineer degree from
Polytechnic Univeristy of Tirana and a
Bachelor in Physics form Natural Science
Faculty of Tirana, Albanie in 1991, I
was awarded Mc. S and Ph. D in
Geomechanics Hydrosystems and Structures
from National Polytechnic Institut of
Lorraine (INPL) France in 1998. I worked
for ten years in the research and
developing industry before joining the
University of Orleans as Head of
Sustainables Constructions Division in
2007. I work actually in the Laboratory
of Pluridisiplinary Research in
Engineering Systemes, Mechanics and
Energy (PRISME) and I teach as Professor
in Polytechnic School of Orleans. I
published more than 34 papers in
refereed international journals and 45
papers in conferences and 4 book
chapiters and I have been involved in
many international conferences as
Technical Chair and tutorial presenter.
Professor of Orleans University, France
"Understanding the Behavior of V-band clamps"
V-band clamps are widely used in automotive, aeronautical and process industries as a means of connecting circular flanges. Applications include joining together the compressor, bearing and turbine housings in turbochargers, holding together the cans used to enclose diesel particulate filters and connecting pipes used in many processes. These clamps are popular because compared to the equivalent bolted flange joint, they require fewer parts, take up less space both when installed and during installation. For more than a decade, the behaviour and characteristics of these clamps has been researched at Huddersfield. A number of researchers have looked at aspects including stresses generated in the clamps during use, axial clamping load, forming of the clamps, the torsional load capacity and their performance at high temperature. This presentation will give an overview of this research highlighting both the most successful elements and those aspects that have proved most challenging.
About Dr Simon Barrans: BSc in Nuclear
Engineering (Manchester University), PhD
in Mechanical Engineering (Huddersfield
University). Fellow of the Institution
of Mechanical Engineers and serves on
their Academic Assessment Committee and
Academic Standards Panel. Fellow of the
Higher Education Academy. Dr Barrans
spent 5 years in the Nuclear Industry
before entering academia. For 8 years he
was the leader of the Mechanical
Engineering Subject Area at
Huddersfield. Over the past 20 years Dr
Barrans has supervised a number of PhD
students and has published extensively
on topics including air bearings, V-band
clamps and multi-criteria optimisation.
He is an editor for the Central European
Journal of Engineering and a reviewer
for seven other international journals.
In 2014 he moved to the Turbocharger
Research Institute at Huddersfield and
is currently investigating the
optimisation of turbine and compressor
housings, high temperature bolted
joints, wheel burst prediction and
containment modelling and the use of
V-band retainers in turbochargers.
Professor of University of Huddersfield,
About Prof. Hamid Bahai: Hamid Bahai received his PhD degree in 1993
in Computational Mechanics from Queen
Mary College, University of London.
Between 1993 and 1995 he worked as a
Senior Research Engineer at T&N
Technology where he was involved in
research and development work on a
number of projects for the automotive
and aerospace industries. This was
followed by a period at Halliburton Inc
during which time he carried out design
and analysis of a number of major
offshore structures. In 1996 he moved to
the aerospace industry by joining
Astrium, an aerospace subsidiary of
European Aeronautics Defence and Space
company, where as a senior scientist, he
played a leading role in conducting
design, mathematical modelling and
computational analysis of Euro3000 space
craft structures and Arian launcher /
spacecraft adapter. It was during this
period that he was made a fellow of the
Institute of Mechanical Engineers for
his outstanding technical contributions
and services to the scientific and
engineering communities. In 1998 he
returned to academia and joined Brunel
University where he is currently a
Professor in Computational Mechanics and
Head of Department of Mechanical &
Aerospace Engineering. He has led a
number of research projects covering a
wide range of topics in the area of
Computational Mechanics and has
published over 120 papers on various
themes in the field.
Amongst Hamid Bahais many theoretical
and applied contributions include the
development of a new type of non-linear
shallow shell strain based finite
element and a novel inverse eigen value
formulation for optimising the vibratory
behaviour of structures. His current
research interests include development
of non-linear finite element
formulations and fluid-solid interaction
algorithms He has conducted consulting
work in the field of structural
integrity for many UK and International
companies and has given invited talks
and courses the world over on various
topics in structural computational
mechanics. He is the Editor-in-Chief of
the European Journal of Computational
Professor of Brunel University,
"Electrodynamic Tether Mission for Space Debris Removal Demonstration "
Electrodynamic Tether (EDT) system is a new type of spacecraft that is formed by connecting two satellites with a conductive tether. It possesses unique capabilities to lower or boost spacecraft orbits, power generation, and deorbit space debris, without consuming propellant. The EDT technology takes advantage of two fundamental principles of electromagnetism: electrical current is produced when a conductive wire moves through a magnetic field, and the field exerts a force on the current carrying wire. One of the most appealing application of EDT is the space debris removal due to the advantages of propellentless, low mass, compact size,ease of use and low cost. This paper introduces a current space mission – DESCENT (DEorbiting SpaceCrafts using ElectrodyNamic Tethers) from mission concept study, to mission objectives, nanosatellite design, hardware selection,and operation. The mission involves two 1U-CubeSats connected by a 100m long conductive EDT. Two CubeSats will be launched as one unit into orbit from the International Space Station and subsequently separated to deploy the EDT with gravity gradient. The mission is to demonstrate the deployment and stabilization of an EDT with an end-mass, electrical current generation and satellite deorbit in space. In addition,the mission will provide an innovative approach to improve the interpretation of convective motion in the F-region ionosphere at high latitudes.
Dr. Zheng H. (George) Zhu is the professor, Tier 1 York Research Chair in Space Technology and Chair of Department of Mechanical Engineering, York University in Toronto, Canada. He received his B.Eng., M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanics all from Shanghai Jiao Tong University located in Shanghai, China. He also received the M.A.Sc in robot control from University of Waterloo and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from University of Toronto all located in Ontario, Canada. His current research interests include dynamics and control of tethered space system, spacecraft rendezvous, space robot and space debris remove. He has published over 235 articles and conference papers, with 120 peer-reviewed journal publications. Currently, he is the principal investigator (PI) of two CubeSat missions: DESCENT and ESSENCE, fully funded by the Canadian Space Agency. He is the fellow of Engineering Institute of Canada, Fellow of ASME and CSME, Associate fellow of AIAA, senior member of IEEE, and licensed Professional Engineer in Ontario, Canada. Dr. Zhu is the Editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Space Science and Engineering, Associate Editor of IEEE Access, and serves on editorial boards of many journals.