Speaker I:
"Aerodynamic phenomena and interactions including their control"

The National Wind Tunnel and Testing Facilities Centre at the University of Glasgow is investigating complicated flow problems and interactions related to flight, load and noise control, unsteady aerodynamics, bio-inspired flows, interdisciplinary shock wave phenomena, turbulence, instabilities and multi-phase flows, and the development and application of advanced flow diagnostics and CFD solvers. The main focus of the presentation will be on recent developments in flow diagnostics associated with high speed flows. Examples will include: flow control, transition, intakes etc. An overview of the Aerospace Sciences Division research activities will be provided. The importance of external engagement and internationalization in generating impact in fluid dynamics research, and synergy between the different disciplines in the advancement of aerospace sciences will be also discussed.


About Prof. Konstantinos Kontis (KK): a world-leading authority in aerodynamics, wind tunnel testing, flow & flight control devices and aerospace vehicle design. He is the Mechan Chair of Engineering, Professor of Aerospace Engineering, and the Head of the Aerospace Sciences Division at the University of Glasgow. He has published 105 journal articles, 1 book (Springer), 6 book chapters, and 163 conference papers, ranging from fundamental scientific research to practical engineering applications. He has given 53 invited presentations and keynote lectures to peer-reviewed conferences and international Advanced Schools worldwide. He has on-going overseas scientific exchange activities with a number of universities and research organisations. He is a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, UK. In 2016, he was elected Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). AIAA Fellows are "persons of distinction in aeronautics or astronautics, who have made notable and valuable contributions to the arts, sciences, or technology thereof. He is member of the AIAA Board of Trustees, EASN Board of Directors, ADMS-Industry Leadership Group, and he is chairing the supply chain working group of ADS-Scotland.

Konstantinos Kontis,
Professor of University of Glasgow, UK

AIAA Fellow

Speaker II:
"Sustainable (Green) Aviation: Challanges and Opportunities"

Among all modes of transportation, travel by airplanes continues to experience the fastest growth. Currently, there are approximately 500,000 air vehicles (335,000 Active General Aviation Aircraft, 18,000 Passenger Aircraft, 90,000 Military Aircraft, 27,000 Civil Helicopters, and 30,000 Military Helicopters). They are responsible for 9% of fuel consumption and 2% of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide. These numbers are forecasted to double by 2050. Therefore the environmental issues such as noise, emissions and fuel burn for airplanes have become important for energy and environmental sustainability. This lecture will provide an overview of specific energy and environmental issues related to air transportation. Topics dealing with noise and emissions mitigation by technological solutions including new aircraft and engine designs/technologies, alternative fuels, and materials as well as examination of aircraft operations logistics including Air-Traffic Management (ATM), Air-to-Air Refueling (AAR), Close Formation Flying (CFF), and tailored arrivals to minimize fuel burn will be presented. The ground infrastructure for sustainable aviation, including the concept of ‘Sustainable Green Airport Design’ will also be covered.


Professor Ramesh K. Agarwal is the William Palm Professor of Engineering in the department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Washington University in St. Louis. From 1994 to 2001, he was the Sam Bloomfield Distinguished Professor and Executive Director of the National Institute for Aviation Research at Wichita State University in Kansas. From 1978 to 1994, he was the Program Director and McDonnell Douglas Fellow at McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories in St. Louis. Dr. Agarwal received Ph.D in Aeronautical Sciences from Stanford University in 1975, M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1969 and B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India in 1968. Over a period of forty years, Professor Agarwal has worked in various areas of Computational Science and Engineering - Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computational Materials Science and Manufacturing, Computational Electromagnetics (CEM), Neuro-Computing, Control Theory and Systems, and Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization. He is the author and coauthor of over 500 journal and refereed conference publications. He has given many plenary, keynote and invited lectures at various national and international conferences worldwide in over fifty countries. Professor Agarwal continues to serve on many academic, government, and industrial advisory committees. Dr. Agarwal is a Fellow eighteen societies including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), American Physical Society (APS), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Royal Aeronautical Society, Chinese Society of Aeronautics and Astronautics (CSAA), Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) and American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received many prestigious honors and national/international awards from various professional societies and organizations for his research contributions.

Ramesh K. Agarwal,
Professor of Washington University in St. Louis, USA

IEEE Fellow

Speaker III:
"Experimental Investigation of Operational Conditions Effects on Axial Fatigue Behaviour of Carbon/Epoxy Plain Weave Laminates Containing Artificial Flaw"

Aeronautical composite structures having manufactured flaws usually operate in harsh conditions. This work aimed at characterizing the behavior of quasi-isotropic plain weave carbon/epoxy laminates containing artificial flaw under axial fatigue loading at various conditions such as hygrothermal, frequency and stress ratio. Dry and wet coupons were tested under load-controlled fluctuated cyclic loading with two stress ratios of R = 0.1 and R = -0.1 and two load frequencies of 7 Hz and 15Hz at room temperature and 82oC under different stress levels. Delamination threshold onset were determined based on the allowable stiffness change as failure criterion that was verified using ultrasonic imaging (C-Scan) technique, at each testing condition. At first, under tensile cyclic loading at 7Hz the experimental results showed that individually, moisture reduced the fatigue life of the studied material more than temperature did whereas their combination was much more damaging. On the frequency effect, the experimental results at 15Hz suggested that, in general, fatigue life increased with load frequency for most environmental conditions, except for two conditions: (1) room temperature and dry at high stress level, (2) 82°C and wet at low stress level. Finally, partially reversed tension-compression cyclic loading tests showed that this loading mode was more damaging than the tension-tension one due to the complex interaction and evolution of the compressive and tensile types of damage.


About Prof. Anh Dung NGO: B.Sc. A in Mechanical Engineering (É. Polytechnique, Canada), M.Sc. in Wood technology (U. Laval, Canada), Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering (Concordia U., Canada). Professor NGO spent 18 years in industry as engineer and in governmental agency first as engineer and later as chief officer of the Occupation Safety Division at the Prevention Branch of the Quebec Occupational Health and Safety Commission before joining the university in 1991. He was the Chairman of the Mechanical Engineering Department from 1999 to 2004. He is the founder of two research groups, one in Occupational Safety and one in Composite Materials. He is also the editor of the Proceeding of the EIGHTH JOINT CANADA-JAPAN WORKSHOP ON COMPOSITES and author of sixty scientific papers and technical reports on Composites Materials and Occupational Safety.

Anh Dung NGO,
Professor of Ecole de technologie superieure (U. du Quebec), Canada

Speaker IV:
"Is the Sky above us safe and how has this been influenced by the past and present policies?"

There have been many instances of aircraft collisions in the sky and these have been for a variety of reasons and causes. Technology has been used to address these concerns, yet these have not all been successful for other reasons. This presentation reviews the historical and technical reasons what and why has happened to produce this current situation and how the safety may not be as high as assumed. It also introduces the concerns that Unmanned Ariel Vehicles add and how these are being reviewed to minimize. Furthermore, the risk analysis of these implications due to Security and Cyber security.


Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering ; M.Sc. in Manufacturing MA in Education Management ; Pg.D. in Education Training; B.A. (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering; B.A. in Production Engineering Member of the Institute of Electrical Engineers. Dr McAndrew spent 12 years in industry as a designer before entering academia. He has over 20 years of teaching experience in the UK, Europe, Middle East and Far East. He has supervised many PhD students and published extensively for over 20 years. He is the author of a book and Editor of a new Journal being produced with a focus on Aviation. Currently he is the Department Chair of Graduate Studies in the College of Aeronautics Worldwide at Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. His research interests are in Aerodynamics and Effective Education, which he has published extensively. He has presented at many Conferences and believes these are critical research meetings for those that are new to research and the experienced to mentor the next generation.

Ian McAndrew,
Professor of Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, UK

Speaker V:
"Effective thermal properties of heterogeneous materials from far field contactless temperatures measurements"

Classical methods for determination of thermal properties of materials could be revealed inappropriate when used for macroscopic heterogeneous materials. This is because these parameters are typically obtained using measures on small volumes which could be smaller then VER of a heterogeneous material. To overcome this drawback a method, using far field temperature measurements induced by a laser spot on a heterogeneous material, is developed. Theoretical considerations and inverse approach used are explained in details before a validation of the method and its use in various heterogeneous materials as case studies.


About Prof. Dashnor Hoxha: After obtained an engineer degree from Polytechnic Univeristy of Tirana and a Bachelor in Physics form Natural Science Faculty of Tirana, Albanie in 1991, I was awarded Mc. S and Ph. D in Geomechanics Hydrosystems and Structures from National Polytechnic Institut of Lorraine (INPL) France in 1998. I worked for ten years in the research and developing industry before joining the University of Orleans as Head of Sustainables Constructions Division in 2007. I work actually in the Laboratory of Pluridisiplinary Research in Engineering Systemes, Mechanics and Energy (PRISME) and I teach as Professor in Polytechnic School of Orleans. I published more than 34 papers in refereed international journals and 45 papers in conferences and 4 book chapiters and I have been involved in many international conferences as Technical Chair and tutorial presenter.

Dashnor Hoxha,
Professor of Orleans University, France

Speaker VI:
"Understanding the Behavior of V-band clamps"

V-band clamps are widely used in automotive, aeronautical and process industries as a means of connecting circular flanges. Applications include joining together the compressor, bearing and turbine housings in turbochargers, holding together the cans used to enclose diesel particulate filters and connecting pipes used in many processes. These clamps are popular because compared to the equivalent bolted flange joint, they require fewer parts, take up less space both when installed and during installation. For more than a decade, the behaviour and characteristics of these clamps has been researched at Huddersfield. A number of researchers have looked at aspects including stresses generated in the clamps during use, axial clamping load, forming of the clamps, the torsional load capacity and their performance at high temperature. This presentation will give an overview of this research highlighting both the most successful elements and those aspects that have proved most challenging.


About Dr Simon Barrans: BSc in Nuclear Engineering (Manchester University), PhD in Mechanical Engineering (Huddersfield University). Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and serves on their Academic Assessment Committee and Academic Standards Panel. Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Dr Barrans spent 5 years in the Nuclear Industry before entering academia. For 8 years he was the leader of the Mechanical Engineering Subject Area at Huddersfield. Over the past 20 years Dr Barrans has supervised a number of PhD students and has published extensively on topics including air bearings, V-band clamps and multi-criteria optimisation. He is an editor for the Central European Journal of Engineering and a reviewer for seven other international journals. In 2014 he moved to the Turbocharger Research Institute at Huddersfield and is currently investigating the optimisation of turbine and compressor housings, high temperature bolted joints, wheel burst prediction and containment modelling and the use of V-band retainers in turbochargers.

Simon Barrans,
Professor of University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

Speaker VII:

Coming soon......


About Prof. Hamid Bahai: Hamid Bahai received his PhD degree in 1993 in Computational Mechanics from Queen Mary College, University of London. Between 1993 and 1995 he worked as a Senior Research Engineer at T&N Technology where he was involved in research and development work on a number of projects for the automotive and aerospace industries. This was followed by a period at Halliburton Inc during which time he carried out design and analysis of a number of major offshore structures. In 1996 he moved to the aerospace industry by joining Astrium, an aerospace subsidiary of European Aeronautics Defence and Space company, where as a senior scientist, he played a leading role in conducting design, mathematical modelling and computational analysis of Euro3000 space craft structures and Arian launcher / spacecraft adapter. It was during this period that he was made a fellow of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers for his outstanding technical contributions and services to the scientific and engineering communities. In 1998 he returned to academia and joined Brunel University where he is currently a Professor in Computational Mechanics and Head of Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering. He has led a number of research projects covering a wide range of topics in the area of Computational Mechanics and has published over 120 papers on various themes in the field.

Amongst Hamid Bahais many theoretical and applied contributions include the development of a new type of non-linear shallow shell strain based finite element and a novel inverse eigen value formulation for optimising the vibratory behaviour of structures. His current research interests include development of non-linear finite element formulations and fluid-solid interaction algorithms He has conducted consulting work in the field of structural integrity for many UK and International companies and has given invited talks and courses the world over on various topics in structural computational mechanics. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Computational Mechanics.

Hamid Bahai,
Professor of  Brunel University,  UK

Speaker VIII:
"Electrodynamic Tether Mission for Space Debris Removal Demonstration "

Electrodynamic Tether (EDT) system is a new type of spacecraft that is formed by connecting two satellites with a conductive tether. It possesses unique capabilities to lower or boost spacecraft orbits, power generation, and deorbit space debris, without consuming propellant. The EDT technology takes advantage of two fundamental principles of electromagnetism: electrical current is produced when a conductive wire moves through a magnetic field, and the field exerts a force on the current carrying wire. One of the most appealing application of EDT is the space debris removal due to the advantages of propellentless, low mass, compact size,ease of use and low cost. This paper introduces a current space mission – DESCENT (DEorbiting SpaceCrafts using ElectrodyNamic Tethers) from mission concept study, to mission objectives, nanosatellite design, hardware selection,and operation. The mission involves two 1U-CubeSats connected by a 100m long conductive EDT. Two CubeSats will be launched as one unit into orbit from the International Space Station and subsequently separated to deploy the EDT with gravity gradient. The mission is to demonstrate the deployment and stabilization of an EDT with an end-mass, electrical current generation and satellite deorbit in space. In addition,the mission will provide an innovative approach to improve the interpretation of convective motion in the F-region ionosphere at high latitudes.


Dr. Zheng H. (George) Zhu is the professor, Tier 1 York Research Chair in Space Technology and Chair of Department of Mechanical Engineering, York University in Toronto, Canada. He received his B.Eng., M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanics all from Shanghai Jiao Tong University located in Shanghai, China. He also received the M.A.Sc in robot control from University of Waterloo and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from University of Toronto all located in Ontario, Canada. His current research interests include dynamics and control of tethered space system, spacecraft rendezvous, space robot and space debris remove. He has published over 235 articles and conference papers, with 120 peer-reviewed journal publications. Currently, he is the principal investigator (PI) of two CubeSat missions: DESCENT and ESSENCE, fully funded by the Canadian Space Agency. He is the fellow of Engineering Institute of Canada, Fellow of ASME and CSME, Associate fellow of AIAA, senior member of IEEE, and licensed Professional Engineer in Ontario, Canada. Dr. Zhu is the Editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Space Science and Engineering, Associate Editor of IEEE Access, and serves on editorial boards of many journals.


Zheng Hong Zhu,
Professor of York University, Canada

Copyright © 2018 The 9th International Conference on Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (ICMAE)